Top 100 Chapter Books” poll, the most recent book in the top ten was “Holes” by Louis Sachar. Since being released in 1997, that book has become an instant classic, and with good reason. What starts as a simple, silly story about juvenile delinquents digging holes in the Texas desert subtly expands until it become an epic folk-tale about the hidden costs of bigotry throughout American history.
When they made it into a movie two years later, Sachar
himself wrote the screenplay, which elegantly pares the story down to two
hours, and director Andrew Davis (The
Fugitive) did a good job making the magic-realist world of the book come
alive in a believable way… but the movie just doesn’t have the same power.
The problem here is, once again, that all behavior looks worse onscreen. In this case, that
meant that the movie had to cut out a small, key moment.
In both the book and the movie, poor white kid Stanley is
falsely accused of stealing a pair of sneakers and sent to a sinister boot camp
where each kid has to dig a five-foot deep hole every day. Stanley isn’t very
good at it, but there’s a black kid named Zero who is. Stanley offers to teach
Zero to read if Zero will help Stanley finish his hole every day after he’s done
with his own.
But there’s an additional development in the book that
passes by so quickly that we barely think about it at the time, because Stanley
barely thinks about it: at some point Stanley realizes that, since Zero
is so much better at digging, he’ll just let Zero dig by himself while he sits
by the hole, preparing his reading lesson.
The moviemakers were in a bind. They knew that if they included that brief scene we’d
see what Stanley doesn’t: how bad it looks when he doesn’t shovel. The white
guy knows how to read, so the black guys have to dig their holes and his too while
he sits around. Had the audience seen that, Stanley might have become too become unsympathetic.
So they kept Stanley in the hole with Zero, and most viewers didn’t consciously notice
that it was different from the book…but I think that the movie lost a lot of the book’s meaning as
a result. One thing that the book
did so well was to show how a good kid unintentionally benefits from his class
status in ways that subtly harmed both himself and those around him.
In the end, Stanley discovers that his family is cursed
because his ancestor exploited the physical labor of Zero’s ancestor and never
repaid the debt, and Stanley can only end the curse and make reparations by
heroically returning the favor with his own physical labor. It seems absolutely essential to me
that you need to show the moment when Stanley unconsciously repeats that
original sin that caused that curse.
The book, by keeping us in Stanley’s head, can slip the
injustice of that moment past us without letting it sink in yet. A movie can’t do that. This is one reason why movie heroes tend to be much more heroic than book characters, even if that harms the
theme of the movie. Movie heroes
are under a lot of pressure to stay on the straight and narrow, because all
behavior looks worse onscreen.